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Pathology is a discipline that involves understanding of the various cellular processes that occur in normal and disease conditions. Molecular changes due to certain diseases can be detected by using specific instruments available at the diagnostic laboratory. Therefore, the module will give you insights of how these molecular changes lead to disease and methods used to detect the abnormalities at the level of DNA and protein expression. Besides that, you will be able to observe on how the laboratory tests are performed at the pathology laboratories.


The module aims to provide understanding on basic principles of the techniques used in the pathology laboratories.It will cover topics related to the application of the techniques for the purpose of diagnosis and prognosis of diseases. 

Learning Outcome

  • Relate the basic principles of pathology laboratory techniques and the application of each technique in the diagnosis and prognosis of a particular disease.
  • Demonstrate skills learned from the practical videos.
  • Describe in detail the appropriate medical laboratory tests based on the characteristics of a given disease.

The topics will be covered in this module

- Medical Laboratory Techniques

- Concepts of diseases and their detection using laboratory techniques

- Medical laboratory organization

- Introduction to Anatomic Pathology

- Techniques in Anatomic Pathology

- Principles of Techniques in Anatomic Pathology

- Overview to Chemical Pathology

- General Principles of Analytical Methods in Chemical Pathology.

- Urinalysis in Chemical Pathology- Practical 

- Basic Concept of Immunity and Immune System

- Principles and Clinical Applications of Techniques in Medical Immunology Part I and Part II

- Principles and Applications of Flow Cytometry

- Designing and Executing a Successful Flow Cytometry Experiment

- Data Presentation and Interpretation


MYR 350per module

Non USM (Local)

MYR 450per module

Non USM (International)

USD 200per module

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PENSYARAH PERUBATAN DU56 MD (Osaka University, Japan), MPath (Anatomic Pathology) (USM, Malaysia), FIAC
Expertise : Anatomic Pathology

Dr. Ch’ng Ewe Seng is a trained pathologist from Universiti Sains Malaysia. He obtained his Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree from Osaka University, Japan in 2004. He was awarded Kusumoto Award from Osaka University upon his graduation. After passing the Japanese National Examination for Physicians, he completed two years of residency in Osaka University Hospital and its affiliated healthcare institutions from year 2004 to 2006. He returned to Malaysia and worked as a medical officer in the Accident and Emergency Department, Penang Hospital, Malaysia for a year. He later joined Universiti Sains Malaysia as a trainee lecturer and underwent training in Anatomic Pathology. He passed the Conjoint Board Examination for Master of Pathology (Anatomic Pathology) in 2012. Since June 2012, Dr. Ch’ng, as a practicing pathologist, provides diagnostic histopathology services first in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia and from 2014, in Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia. Dr. Ch’ng is registered both in General Pathology and Anatomical Pathology in National Specialist Register, Malaysia since 2013. In 2017, he has been elevated as a fellow of the International Academy of Cytology after passing the International Board of Cytopathology.


Expertise : Cancer Biology, Cancer Signaling, Immunomodulatory Study

Nor Hazwani Ahmad is a senior lecturer at Department of Biomedical Science, Advanced Medical and Dental Institute (AMDI), Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). She completed her Ph.D at USM in 2013 and her undergraduate studies at Management and Science University (MSU) with First Class Honours in 2008. Her research interests include study of cancer cell phenotype, mechanism-based targeted therapies, and immunomodulatory activity of anticancer compounds. She has collaborated actively with researchers in several other discipline, particularly biomaterial study. She has been appointed as AMDI’s Quality Personnel for OECD-GLP project on biocompatibility of dental implant biomaterial.  She has secured university research grants and national research grants that include Science Fund grant under the Ministry of Science, Technology, and Innovation (MOSTI) and Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) as principal investigator. She has been conferred many innovations award nationally and internationally on the invention of plant-based silver nanoparticles for cancer treatment. She has published in scientific journals, given presentations at national and international conferences, and currently writing a book chapter on rare hereditary cancer syndrome. She is a member of Malaysian Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (MSBMB) and Malaysian Natural Product Society (MNPS).


PENSYARAH UNIVERSITI DS54 PhD (Chemical Pathology)
Expertise : Chemical Pathology, Molecular Biology

Shahrul Bariyah Sahul Hamid received her PhD in Chemical Pathology from Universiti Sains Malaysia in 2003. She began her career as a lecturer at the School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia. Later in 2010, she joined as a senior lecturer at the Advanced Medical and Dental Instititute, Universiti Sains Malaysia. Currently, she is a Associate Professor. Her expertise is in lipid biochemistry and molecular biology. She has published in peer-reviewed journals and presented the research findings in scientific conferences and authored several book chapters.