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Exercise Physiology in Special Population


Special populations may have may different physiology which require additional attention and consideration regarding exercise. This course will cover the fundamental knowledge about exercise physiology among children, women, and aging populations.


The objective of this course is to provide essential knowledge on the physiological responses to exercise among children, women, and aging populations.

Learning Outcome

At the end of the course student will be able to:

1. Describe the physiological aspect of growth and the physiological responses to exercise among children as well as the precautions and the factors that should be taken for children during exercise.

2. Describe the effects of exercise on female and special consideration of exercise for female.

3. Describe the major age-associated changes in human physiology.

The topics will be covered in this module
- Growth and exercise
- Children's cardiorespiratory and neuromuscular responses to exercise
- Menstrual cycle
- Pregnancy
- Menopause
- Special consideration of exercise for female
- Age related physiological changes


MYR 350per module

Non USM (Local)

MYR 450per module

Non USM (International)

USD 200per module

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PENSYARAH UNIVERSITI DS51 Bachelor In Genetics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia; MSc. Sport Science, Universiti Sains Malaysia; PhD, Genomic (Cancer), Universiti Sains Malaysia; PhD, Health Science, University of Sydney, Australia
Expertise : Medical Genetics; Preventive Medicine; Sports Physiology

Dr. Hazwani Ahmad Yusof @ Hanafi was born in June 1985 in Kelantan, Malaysia. She received Bachelor of Science with Honors (Genetics) in August 2007 from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and completed Master of Science (Sports Science) in August 2009 from Universiti Sains Malaysia. In 2016, she completed PhD through the Cotutelle program between Universiti Sains Malaysia and the University of Sydney, Australia where she was awarded with two PhD (Genomics, Cancer) from Universiti Sains Malaysia and PhD (Health Sciences) from the University of Sydney, Australia. She is currently appointed as the Head of Department of Community Health and Head of Clinical Exercise Service in the Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia. She is also one of the Executive Board Member of Asian Council of Exercise & Sports. Dr. Hazwani has a passion for research related to sports science, sports genetics, physical activity, and health sciences. 


Expertise : Specialisation: Aging and Health Studies Research interests: 1) The effects of dual-task training in fully-immersive virtual reality on older adults with mild cognitive impairments 2) Osteosarcopenic obesity and related musculoskeletal disorders in older adults 3) Sensor-based analysis of physical activity in healthy older adults 4) The effects of Resveratrol on exercise-induced delayed onset muscle soreness

Dr. Nurdiana Zainol Abidin is a Senior Lecturer at Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia. Her Bachelor degree is in Biomedical Sciences and her Master degree is in Health Sciences.  She earned her Ph.D. from the University of Nottingham Malaysia in 2021. Her specialty is in aging and health studies. Her research interests include the interrelationship between fat, bone and muscle in the context of aging, the role of skeletal muscle in health longevity and the use of technological interventions to improve musculoskeletal health and cognitive functioning of older adults.